Math. Model. Nat. Phenom.
Volume 2, Number 4, 2007Patterns and waves in ecology and evolution
|Page(s)||135 - 151|
|Published online||15 June 2008|
Concentration in the Nonlocal Fisher Equation: the Hamilton-Jacobi Limit
Département de Mathématiques et Applications, Ecole Normale Supérieure,
CNRS UMR 8553, 45 rue d'Ulm, F 75230 Paris cedex 05
2 Université de Lyon, Université Lyon1, CNRS UMR 5208 Institut Camille Jordan, F - 69200 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
Corresponding author: email@example.com
The nonlocal Fisher equation has been proposed as a simple model exhibiting Turing instability and the interpretation refers to adaptive evolution. By analogy with other formalisms used in adaptive dynamics, it is expected that concentration phenomena (like convergence to a sum of Dirac masses) will happen in the limit of small mutations. In the present work we study this asymptotics by using a change of variables that leads to a constrained Hamilton-Jacobi equation. We prove the convergence analytically and illustrate it numerically. We also illustrate numerically how the constraint is related to the concentration points. We investigate numerically some features of these concentration points such as their weights and their numbers. We show analytically how the constrained Hamilton-Jacobi gives the so-called canonical equation relating their motion with the selection gradient. We illustrate this point numerically.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 35K57 / 35B25 / 49L25 / 92C15 / 92D15
Key words: adaptive evolution / Turing instability / nonlocal Fisher equation / Dirac concentrations / Hamilton-Jacobi equation
© EDP Sciences, 2007
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