Math. Model. Nat. Phenom.
Volume 8, Number 2, 2013Anomalous diffusion
|55 - 87
|24 April 2013
An Explicitly Solvable Nonlocal Eigenvalue Problem and the Stability of a Spike for a Sub-Diffusive Reaction-Diffusion System
Department of Mathematics, University of British
Columbia 1984 Mathematics Road, Vancouver, V6T1Z2, BC, Canada
Corresponding author. E-mail: email@example.com
The stability of a one-spike solution to a general class of reaction-diffusion (RD) system with both regular and anomalous diffusion is analyzed. The method of matched asymptotic expansions is used to construct a one-spike equilibrium solution and to derive a nonlocal eigenvalue problem (NLEP) that determines the stability of this solution on an O(1) time-scale. For a particular sub-class of the reaction kinetics, it is shown that the discrete spectrum of this NLEP is determined in terms of the roots of certain simple transcendental equations that involve two key parameters related to the choice of the nonlinear kinetics. From a rigorous analysis of these transcendental equations by using a winding number approach and explicit calculations, sufficient conditions are given to predict the occurrence of Hopf bifurcations of the one-spike solution. Our analysis determines explicitly the number of possible Hopf bifurcation points as well as providing analytical formulae for them. The analysis is implemented for the shadow limit of the RD system defined on a finite domain and for a one-spike solution of the RD system on the infinite line. The theory is illustrated for two specific RD systems. Finally, in parameter ranges for which the Hopf bifurcation is unique, it is shown that the effect of sub-diffusion is to delay the onset of the Hopf bifurcation.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 35K57 / 35B25 / 35B35
Key words: matched asymptotic expansions / nonlocal eigenvalue problem / winding number / Hopf bifurcation / sub–diffusion
© EDP Sciences, 2013
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