Math. Model. Nat. Phenom.
Volume 4, Number 6, 2009Ecology (Part 1)
|Page(s)||156 - 175|
|Published online||27 November 2009|
Competitive Exclusion in a Discrete Stage-Structured Two Species Model
Department of Mathematics, University of Louisiana at
Lafayette, Lafayette, Louisiana 70504
Corresponding author: email@example.com
We develop a stage-structured model that describes the dynamics of two competing species each of which have sexual and clonal reproduction. This is typical of many plants including irises. We first analyze the dynamical behavior of a single species model. We show that when the inherent net reproductive number is smaller than one then the population will go to extinction and if it is larger than one then an interior equilibrium exists and it is globally asymptotically stable. Then we analyze the two-species model and establish conditions on the reproduction and survivorship rates that lead to competitive exclusion. We show that the winner species is the one that attains higher density at which its net reproductive number equals unity. Numerical results corroborating the theoretical ones are also presented.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 92D25
Key words: stage-structured model / net reproductive number / competitive exclusion
© EDP Sciences, 2009
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