Math. Model. Nat. Phenom.
Volume 6, Number 2, 2011Modelling of plant growth
|Page(s)||82 - 106|
|Published online||11 October 2010|
Analysis of Space-Temporal Symmetry in the Early Embryogenesis of Calla palustris L., Araceae
Komarov’s Botanical Institute RAS,
* Corresponding author. E-mail: email@example.com
Plants and animals have highly ordered structure both in time and in space, and one of the main questions of modern developmental biology is the transformation of genetic information into the regular structure of organism. Any multicellular plant begins its development from the universal unicellular state and acquire own species-specific structure in the course of cell divisions, cell growth and death, according to own developmental program. However the cellular mechanisms of plant development are still unknown. The aim of this work was to elaborate and verify the formalistic approach, which would allow to describe and analyze the large data of cellular architecture obtained from the real plants and to reveal the cellular mechanisms of their morphogenesis. Two multicellular embryos of Calla palustris L. (Araceae) was used as a model for the verification of our approach. The cellular architecture of the embryos was reconstructed from the stack of optical and serial sections in three dimensions and described as graphs of genealogy and space adjacency of cells. In result of the comparative analysis of these graphs, a set of regular cell types and highly conservative pattern of cell divisions during five cell generations were found. This mechanism of cellular development of the embryos could be considered as a developmental program, set of rules or grammars applied to the zygote. Also during the comparative analysis the finite plasticity in cell adjacency was described. The structural equivalence and the same morphogenetic potencies of some cells of the embryos were considered as the space-temporal symmetries. The symmetries were represented as a set of regular cell type permutations in the program of development of the embryo cellular architecture. Two groups of cell type permutations were revealed, each was composed of two elements and could be interpreted as the mirror and rotational space symmetries. The results obtained as well as the developed approach can be used in plant tissue modelling based on the real, large and complex structural data.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 92B05 / 92C15 / 92C80
Key words: symmetry / embryogenesis / morphogenesis / Araceae / modelling
© EDP Sciences, 2010
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