Math. Model. Nat. Phenom.
Volume 14, Number 3, 2019
Fractional order mathematical models in physical sciences
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Published online||15 February 2019|
Modeling and analysis of fractional neutral disturbance waves in arterial vessels
College of Mathematics and Systems Science, Shandong University of Science and Technology,
Shandong 266590, PR China.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 3 December 2018
The behavior of neutral disturbance in arterial vessels has attracted more and more attention in recent decades because it carries some important information which can be applied to predict and diagnose related heart disease, such as arteriosclerosis and hypertension, etc. Because of the complexity of blood flow in arteries, it is very necessary to construct accurate mathematical model and analyze the mechanical behavior of neutral disturbance in arterial vessels. In this paper, start from the basic equations of blood flow and the two-dimensional Navier–Stokes equation, the vorticity equation describing the disturbance flow is presented. Then, by use of multi-scale analysis and perturbation expansion method, the ZK equation is put forward which can reflect the behavior of the neutral perturbation flow in arterial vessels. Compared with the traditional KdV model, the model established in the paper can show the propagation of the disturbance flow in the radius direction. Furthermore, the time-fractional ZK equation is derived by semi-inverse method and Agrawal’s method, which is more convenient and accurate for discussing the feature of neutral disturbance in arterial vessels and can provide more information for analyzing some related heart disease. Meanwhile, with the help of the modified extended tanh method, the above mentioned equation is solved. The results show that neutral disturbance exists in arterial vessels and propagates in the form of solitary waves. By calculating, we find the relation of the stroke volume with vascular radius, blood flow velocity as well as the fractional order parameter α, which is very meaningful for preventing and treating related heart disease because the stroke volume is closely linked with heart disease.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 35Q92
Key words: Time-fractional ZK equation / neutral disturbance waves / arterial vessels / multi-scale analysis / modified extend tanh method
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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