Math. Model. Nat. Phenom.
Volume 16, 2021
|Number of page(s)||28|
|Published online||21 April 2021|
A theoretical investigation of the frisbee motion of red blood cells in shear flow
Institut Montpelliérain Alexander Grothendieck, CNRS, Univ. Montpellier,
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 22 February 2021
The dynamics of a single red blood cell in shear flow is a fluid–structure interaction problem that yields a tremendous richness of behaviors, as a function of the parameters of the problem. A low shear rates, the deformations of the red blood cell remain small and low-order models have been developed, predicting the orientation of the cell and the membrane circulation along time. They reproduce the dynamics observed in experiments and in simulations, but they do not simplify the problem enough to enable simple interpretations of the phenomena. In a process of exploring the red blood cell dynamics at low shear rates, an existing model constituted of 5 nonlinear ordinary differential equations is rewritten using quaternions to parametrize the rotations of the red blood cell. Techniques from algebraic geometry are then used to determine the steady-state solutions of the problems. These solutions are relevant to a particular regime where the red blood cell reaches a constant inclination angle, with its membrane rotating around it, and referred to as frisbee motion. Comparing the numerical solutions of the model to the steady-state solutions allows a better understanding of the transition between the most emblematic motions of red blood cells, flipping and tank-treading.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 14-04 / 74F10 / 74H10 / 74K15 / 92C05 / 92C17
Key words: Red blood cell dynamics / fluid–structure interaction / dynamical system / algebraic geometry
© The authors. Published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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