Math. Model. Nat. Phenom.
Volume 17, 2022
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||23 December 2022|
Interaction of high-order breather, periodic wave, lump, rational soliton solutions and mixed solutions for reductions of the (4+1)-dimensional Fokas equation
Department of Mathematics, Zhejiang Normal University,
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 27 October 2022
The interaction of high-order breather, periodic-wave, lump, rational soliton solutions and mixed solutions for reductions of the (4+1)-dimensional Fokas equation are investigated by means of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) hierarchy reduction method. Through analyzing the structural characteristics of periodic wave solutions, we find that evolution of the breather is decided by two characteristic lines. Interestingly, growing-decaying amplitude periodic wave and amplitude-invariant periodic wave are given through some conditions posed on the parameters. Some fascinating nonlinear wave patterns composed of high-order breathers and high-order periodic waves are shown. Furthermore, taking the long wave limit on the periodic-wave solutions, the semi-rational solutions composed of lumps, moving solitons, breathers, and periodic waves are obtained. Some novel dynamical processes are graphically analyzed. Additionally, we provide a new method to derive periodic-wave and semi-rational solutions for the (3+1)-dimensional KP equation by reducing the solutions of the (4+1)-dimensional Fokas equation. The presented results might help to understand the dynamic behaviors of nonlinear waves in the fluid fields and may provide some new perspectives for studying nonlinear wave solutions of high dimensional integrable systems.
Key words: (4+1)-Dimensional Fokas equation / KP hierarchy reduction method / breather / mixed solutions / (3+1)-dimensional KP equation
© The authors. Published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.