Math. Model. Nat. Phenom.
Volume 16, 2021
Coronavirus: Scientific insights and societal aspects
|Number of page(s)
|04 June 2021
A new approach to the dynamic modeling of an infectious disease
Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University,
2 Population Health Sciences, Weill Cornell Medicine, 1300 York Avenue, New York City 10065, NY, USA.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 2 May 2021
In this work we propose a delay differential equation as a lumped parameter or compartmental infectious disease model featuring high descriptive and predictive capability, extremely high adaptability and low computational requirement. Whereas the model has been developed in the context of COVID-19, it is general enough to be applicable with such changes as necessary to other diseases as well. Our fundamental modeling philosophy consists of a decoupling of public health intervention effects, immune response effects and intrinsic infection properties into separate terms. All parameters in the model are directly related to the disease and its management; we can measure or calculate their values a priori basis our knowledge of the phenomena involved, instead of having to extrapolate them from solution curves. Our model can accurately predict the effects of applying or withdrawing interventions, individually or in combination, and can quickly accommodate any newly released information regarding, for example, the infection properties and the immune response to an emerging infectious disease. After demonstrating that the baseline model can successfully explain the COVID-19 case trajectories observed all over the world, we systematically show how the model can be expanded to account for heterogeneous transmissibility, detailed contact tracing drives, mass testing endeavours and immune responses featuring different combinations of temporary sterilizing immunity, severity-reducing immunity and antibody dependent enhancement.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 34K05 / 92B05
Key words: COVID-19 / delay differential equation / phenomena-driven parameters / low computational cost / public health interventions / immune response
© The authors. Published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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