Math. Model. Nat. Phenom.
Volume 17, 2022
|Number of page(s)||25|
|Published online||23 December 2022|
Scientific Breakdown of a Ferromagnetic Nanofluid in Hemodynamics: Enhanced Therapeutic Approach
College of Mathematics and Systems Science, Shandong University of Science and Technology,
2 Instituto de Ciencias Matemáticas ICMAT, CSIC, UAM, UCM, UC3M, Madrid 28049, Spain
3 Basic Science, Faculty of Engineering, The British University in Egypt, Al-Shorouk City, Cairo 11837, Egypt
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 16 October 2022
In this article, we examine the mechanism of cobalt and tantalum nanoparticles through a hybrid fluid model. The nanofluid is propagating through an anisotropically tapered artery with three different configurations: converging, diverging and non-tapered. To examine the rheology of the blood we have incorporated a Williamson fluid model which reveals both Newtonian and non-Newtonian effects. Mathematical and physical formulations are derived using the lubrication approach for continuity, momentum and energy equations. The impact of magnetic field, porosity and viscous dissipation are also taken into the proposed formulation. A perturbation approach is used to determine the solutions of the formulated nonlinear coupled equations. The physical behavior of all the leading parameters is discussed for velocity, temperature, impedance and streamlines profile. The current analysis has the intention to be used in therapeutic treatments of anemia because cobalt promotes the production of red blood cells since it is a component of vitamin B12, this is in addition to having tantalum that is used in the bone implants and in the iodinated agents for blood imaging due to its long circulation time. Moreover, in order to regulate the blood temperature in a living environment, blood temperature monitoring is of utmost necessity in the case of tapering arteries. The management and control of blood mobility at various temperatures may be facilitated by the presence of a magnetic field. The current findings are enhanced to provide important information for researchers in the biomedical sciences who are attempting to analyze blood flow under stenosis settings and who will also find the knowledge useful in the treatment of various disorders.
Key words: Hybrid nanofluid / cobalt & tantalum nanoparticles / arterial blood flow / magnetic field / williamson fluid
© The authors. Published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.